Decompressive craniectomy in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis during pregnancy: a case report.

Affiliation

Neurosurgery Department, Nicosia General Hospital, Nicosia, Cyprus. [Email]

Abstract

Pregnancy and puerperium are risk factors for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), a condition which nowadays is treated non-operatively. Decompressive craniectomy is reserved only for emergency settings. We present a 22-year-old pregnant lady, who was transferred at the emergency department with a reduced level of consciousness, headache, and nuchal rigidity. Her MRI study showed CVST, causing hemorrhagic infarct and midline shift. She underwent decompressive craniectomy with partial removal of the hemorrhagic parenchyma. Remarkably, she recovered without any neurological deficits regardless of the substantial temporal lobe damage, while the thrombus nearly resolved using anticoagulation. Decompressive craniectomy can be life-saving in selected CVST patients, followed by anticoagulantion to augment the recanalization process.

Keywords

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis,Decompressive craniectomy,Hemorrhagic infarct,Pregnancy,