The Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) is a well stablished technique that may be used in quality control of industrial processes. In this study, it was proposed an analysis of a two commercial powder inks widely used in the industry. The goals were to determine the composition of the ink by quantifying its inorganics elements by EDXRF, and check if the amount of toxic elements matches with Restriction of Certain Hazardous Substances (RoHS) and with "Norma Brasileira" (NBR) regulations. Moreover, to build Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR) models to predict the thickness of the ink layer applied over steel plates using EDXRF data. Evaluating the quantitative results, it was found that some samples presented toxic elements, such as Cr and Pb. The PLSR results ranged from 54 μm to 97 μm with an average relative deviation of 1% compared to the conventional method used for thickness determination (magnetic method). The results show that EDXRF is a reliable alternative technique to determine the metal elements on the powder ink composition. Furthermore, a (PLSR) model can be used to determine the thickness of the ink applied over steel plates.