Determination of volatile non intentionally added substances coming from a starch-based biopolymer intended for food contact by different gas chromatography-mass spectrometry approaches.

Affiliation

Analytical Chemistry Department, GUIA Group, I3A, EINA, University of Zaragoza, Mª de Luna 3, 50018, Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The rapid growth of polymer technology in the field of food contact materials (FCMs) needs to be supported by continuous improvement in material testing, in order to ensure the safety of foodstuff. In this work, a range of different starch-based biopolymer samples, in the shape of pellets and retail samples (cups and dishes) were studied. The optimized extraction process was performed on three different pellet shapes: pellets with no modification (spherical), pellets shattered under high pressure (lentils), and pellets cryogenically ground (powder). The analysis of unknown volatile and semi-volatile compounds was carried out by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, using both electron ionization with a single quadrupole mass analyzer (GC-EI-MS), and atmospheric pressure gas chromatography with a quadrupole/time of flight mass analyzer (APGC-Q/ToF). The identification process was implemented using the latest advances in the understanding of APGC ionization pathways. Chemical migration was also assessed on prototype samples using the food simulants: ethanol 10% v/v, acetic acid 3% w/V, ethanol 95% v/v, isooctane, and vegetable oil. Each migration test was performed three consecutive times, as recommended for materials intended for repeated use.

Keywords

APGC-Q/ToF,Food contact material,Migration,NIAS,Starch-based biopolymers,