Development and evaluation of colloidal gold immunochromatography test strip for rapid diagnosis of nervous necrosis virus in golden grey mullet (Chelon aurata).


Hassantabar F(1), Zorriehzahra MJ(2), Firouzbakhsh F(1), Thompson KD(3).
Author information:
(1)Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Animal Science and Fisheries, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, I.R. Iran.
(2)Department of Scientific Information and Communication, Iranian Fisheries Research Institute
(IFSRI), Tehran, I.R. Iran.
(3)Aquaculture Research Group, Moredun Research Institute, Penicuik, UK.


A lateral flow immunochromatography strip test, based on antibody-gold nanoparticles specific for nervous necrosis virus (NNV), was developed for rapid, on-site detection of the virus in fish stocks. A monoclonal antibody against NNV was conjugated with colloidal gold as the detector antibody. A rabbit anti-NNV polyclonal antibody and goat anti-mouse IgG antibody were blotted onto the nitrocellulose membrane as the capture antibodies on the test line and control line, respectively. The reaction could be seen by the eye within 15 min and did not cross-react with the other viruses tested. The detection limit of the strip was approximately 103 TCID50 /ml and had good stability after storage at 4°C for 8 months. When brains of 70 naturally infected golden grey mullet, Chelon aurata, were tested with the strip test, the diagnostic specificity and sensitivity of the test compared to real-time RT-PCR were 100% and 74%, respectively. Therefore, the one-step test strip developed here had high specificity, reproducibility, and stability. This, together with its simplicity to use and rapid detection, without the requirement of sophisticated equipment or specialized skills, makes the strip suitable for pond-side detection of NNV in farmed fish.