Development of a stable chemically cross-linked erythropoietin dimer for use in the quality control of erythropoietin therapeutic products.


National Institute for Biological Standards & Control (NIBSC), Blanche Lane, South Mimms, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, EN6 3QG, UK. [Email]


Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein hormone which promotes red cell replenishment and is also a global biotherapeutic medicine widely used to treat anaemia resulting, for example, from chemotherapy. Requirements of the European Pharmacopoeia stipulate that the level of dimer must be quantified in clinical EPO products (with a limit of 2%). Quantification is hampered by the lack of reference preparations containing stable measurable levels of EPO dimer, but the reproducible generation of a stable dimerised EPO preparation is challenging. We describe here the development of a lyophilised, chemically cross-linked EPO preparation, which has good stability and may be used for calibration and system suitability assurance for the size exclusion chromatographic separation of EPO preparations. Graphical abstract.


Cross-linking,Dimer,Erythropoietin,Glutaraldehyde,Reference material,Size exclusion chromatography,