[Diagnosis and treatment of status epilepticus in the intensive care unit].

Affiliation

Neurologische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 11, 97080, Würzburg, Deutschland. [Email]

Abstract

Both convulsive and nonconvulsive status epilepticus are associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality. To limit brain damage, emergency investigation of etiology and treatment must be done synchronously. This review presents the general rules for treatment. The steps of pharmacologic escalation with benzodiazepines, antiepileptics, and anesthetics are discussed together with their advantages and disadvantages.

Keywords

Anticonvulsants,Emergency treatment,Epilepsy, generalized,Epilepsy, tonic-clonic,Seizures,

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