Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China; Key Laboratory of Dermatology, Anhui Medical University, Ministry of Education, Hefei, China; Key Laboratory of Major Autoimmune Diseases, Hefei, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation is a newly discovered posttranslational modification. Although this modification is an important type of protein acylation, its role in psoriasis remains unstudied. We compared lesional and nonlesional psoriasis skin samples from 45 psoriasis patients. The result showed that this highly conserved modification was found in large quantities in both normal and diseased dermal tissues. However, there were a number of clear and significant differences between normal and diseased skin tissue. By comparing, lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation was upregulated at 94 sites in 72 proteins and downregulated at 51 sites in 44 proteins in lesional skin. In particular, the sites with the most significant downregulation of lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation were found in S100A9 (ratio = 0.140, p-value = .000371), while the most upregulated site was found in tenascin (ratio = 3.082, p-value = .0307). Loci associated with psoriasis, including FUBP1, SERPINB2 and S100A9, also exhibited significant regulation. Analyses of proteome data revealed that SERPINB2 and S100A9 were differentially expressed proteins. And bioinformatics analysis suggest that the P13K-Akt signaling pathway was more enriched with lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation in lesional psoriasis skin. Our study revealed that lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation is broadly present in psoriasis skin, suggesting that this modification plays a role in psoriasis pathogenesis. SIGNIFICANCE: A newly discovered protein posttranslational modification, lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation, has been found to occur in a wide variety of organisms and to participate in some important metabolic processes. In this study, lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation in lesional psoriasis skin and nonlesional psoriasis skin was quantified and compared for the first time. We found a number of differentially modified proteins and sites in our comparisons. Interestingly, some of the identified proteins and pathways with significantly different modifications, such as S100A9 and the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, have been previously reported to be associated with psoriasis. We hope that this research will provide new insights into psoriasis.