Digital single-operator cholangioscopy: a useful tool for selective guidewire placements across complex biliary strictures.


Department of Medicine B for Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Muenster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, 48149, Muenster, Germany. [Email]


Treatment of biliary strictures is challenging. Digital single-operator cholangioscopes (SOCs) equipped with an improved imaging quality, were recently introduced and may be useful for selective guidewire placement in difficult biliary strictures.


Biliary strictures,Cholangioscopy,Digital single-operator cholangioscopy,Guidewire placement and SpyGlass DS,