Early life trauma: An exploratory study of effects on OXTR and NR3C1 gene expression and nurturing self-efficacy in mothers of infants.


Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


In animals, adverse early experience alters oxytocinergic and glucocorticoid activity and maternal behavior in adulthood. This preliminary study explored associations among childhood trauma (loss of a parent or sexual abuse in childhood), maternal self-efficacy, and leukocyte gene expression (mRNA) of oxytocin and glucocorticoid receptors (OXTR and NR3C1) in mothers of infants.


Early childhood trauma,Gene expression,Glucocorticoid,Maternal behavior,Oxytocin,Social support,

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