Effect of different elemental chlorine-free bleaching sequences on pulp, effluent properties and their impact on index of global pollution.


Department of Chemical Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Sangrur, Punjab, 148106, India. [Email]


Six elemental chlorine-free bleaching sequences were studied to see their effect on quality of pulp produced and quantity of pollutants generated during bleaching of wheat straw soda pulp. Impact of parameters like adsorbable organic halogens (AOX), chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and sodium adsorption ratio, pH and total dissolved solids generated during bleaching on environment as index of global pollution (IGP) was also studied. The purpose of the study was to investigate six elemental chlorine-free bleaching sequences to compare the pulp quality, effluent properties and their impact on environment. An oxygen delignification stage before D0EOPD bleaching sequence reduced the AOX, COD, colour and BOD by 44%, 42%, 36% and 33%, respectively, whereas an ozonation stage before bleaching reduced the same by 70%, 66%, 73% and 60%, respectively, as compared to those of control. The generation of pollutants as AOX, COD, colour and BOD was reduced further by 88%, 80%, 90% and 77%, respectively, with the use of short bleaching sequences (DD, DP and PD) as compared to those of control. The environmental impact as IGP with D0EOPD bleaching sequence was 2.65 which got reduced to 1.44 with bleaching sequence OZPD. Bleaching sequence OZD0EOPD was found the most effective for improving brightness and whiteness of the pulp, whereas short bleaching sequence OZPD found the most effective for reducing generation of pollutants during bleaching among different bleaching sequences studied. Graphical abstract.


Adsorbable organically bound halogens,Bleaching effluent,Brightness,Elemental chlorine-free bleaching,Hexenuronic acid,Index of global pollution,

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