Effect of low temperature on the aging characteristics of a potato starch gel.

Affiliation

School of Food Science, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang, Henan 453003, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this work, the freezing curve of a potato starch gel with different concentrations was determined. The water migration, texture, microstructure and gelatinization of a potato starch gel with 8% starch concentration were studied during aging. The results showed that the freezing characteristics of the potato starch gel with different starch concentrations were quite different. NMR results showed that the relaxation time and proportion of water with different existing states (T21, T22 and T23) in the potato starch gel varied significantly under different aging temperatures. Under different aging temperatures, the texture characteristics and the gel strength of the starch gel were significantly different. The water retention of the gel was better under aging temperatures of 3 °C and -3 °C than for other gel samples. SEM and C-cell results showed that under aging temperatures of 3 °C and 0 °C, the formation of a gel network structure was accelerated, and the gel was relatively firm, with small and uniform pores and a larger pore area and number. The rapid viscosity analysis results showed that the peak viscosity, breakdown and setback of the vacuum freeze-dried gel powder changed differently under the aging temperatures.

Keywords

Freezing curve,Microstructure,Pasting properties,Potato starch gel,Relaxor characteristics,

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