Effect of various pretreatments on improving cellulose enzymatic digestibility of tobacco stalk and the structural features of co-produced hemicelluloses.

Affiliation

Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Hereon, tobacco stalk was deconstructed by lyophilization, ball-milling, ultrasound-assisted alkali extraction, hydrothermal pretreatment (HTP), and alkali presoaking, respectively, followed by dilute alkali cooking to both improve its enzymatic digestibility and isolate the hemicellulosic streams. It was found that a maximum cellulose saccharification rate of 93.5% was achieved from the integrated substrate by ball-milling and dilute alkali cooking, which was 4.4-fold higher than that from the raw material. Interestingly, in this case, 76.9% of hemicelluloses were simultaneously recovered during the integrated treatment. Structural determination indicated that the hemicelluloses released from tobacco stalk by dilute alkali cooking were mixed polysaccharides, and the (1 → 4)-linked β-D-Xylp backbone branched with L-Araf units at O-2/O-3 and 4-O-Me-α-D-GlcpA units at O-2 of the xylose residues was the main structure. In comparison, ultrasound-assisted alkali extraction, ball-milling, and HTP favored the extraction of hemicelluloses with less branched structure and lower molecular weights in the following alkali cooking.

Keywords

Alkali cooking,Enzymatic hydrolysis,Hemicelluloses,Pretreatment,Tobacco stalk,

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