Effectiveness of problem-based learning on the professional communication competencies of nursing students and nurses: A systematic review.


First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China. Electronic address: [Email]


The objective of this systematic review was to estimate the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) in developing the professional communication competences of nursing students and nurses. We have searched PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, and VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals to identify all the English and Chinese language studies that used PBL to determine the effectiveness of developing professional communication competences of nursing students and nurses. Then two reviewers independently assessed eligibility and extracted data. Quality assessment using the Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool for randomized controlled trials and Joanna Briggs Institute Meta Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument (JBI-MAStARI) for quasi-experimental studies. A total of 12 studies were included, all of which were inclined to low bias. Eleven articles showed that PBL developed the communication skills of nursing students or nurses, while only one article revealed no significant difference between PBL and the traditional method. Owing to differences in experimental design and the method and duration of intervention, some of these studies combined PBL with other methods, and the evaluation tools were different. This systematic review cautiously supports the outcomes of PBL compared with traditional learning.


Nursing education,Problem-based learning,Professional communication competencies,Systematic review,