Effects of Remote Proctoring on Composite Examination Performance Among Doctor of Pharmacy Students.

Affiliation

Hall EA(1), Spivey C(2), Kendrex H(2), Havrda DE(2).
Author information:
(1)University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Pharmacy, Memphis, Tennessee [Email]
(2)University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Pharmacy, Memphis, Tennessee.

Abstract

Objective. To determine the impact of remote proctoring on the academic performance of Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) students.Methods. This was a retrospective, observational study that compared first professional year (P1) and second professional year (P2) pharmacy students' scores on eight composite examinations administered in spring 2020 (n = 387), the final three of which were proctored remotely, to that of a historical cohort of pharmacy students who took the same examinations in spring 2019 (n = 368). To assess whether remote proctoring affected academic performance, spring 2020 scores for examinations 6, 7, and 8 were compared to those of a historical cohort who took the same examinations in person with a proctor present in spring 2019. Academic performance on examinations 1 through 4 was also compared between the two cohorts to evaluate any possible year-to-year variation in academic performance during non-remote circumstances. Mann Whitney tests were used to compare scores between the two cohorts.Results. The median scores of students in the spring 2020 cohort were significantly lower than the scores of the historical cohort on the first composite examination administered to P1 students after the implementation of remote proctoring. In contrast, median scores were significantly higher on two of the three examinations administered to P2 students using remote proctoring.Conclusion. Remote proctoring has minimal impact on pharmacy students' examination performance and its use should be considered to ensure academic honesty and security of testing content in a distance learning environment.