Effects of Semantic Feature Type, Diversity, and Quantity on Semantic Feature Analysis Treatment Outcomes in Aphasia.

Affiliation

Evans WS(1)(2), Cavanaugh R(1)(2), Gravier ML(1)(3), Autenreith AM(1), Doyle PJ(1)(2), Hula WD(1)(2), Dickey MW(1)(2).
Author information:
(1)Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, VA Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA.
(2)Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Pittsburgh, PA.
(3)Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, California State University at East Bay, Hayward.

Abstract

Purpose Semantic feature analysis (SFA) is a naming treatment found to improve naming performance for both treated and semantically related untreated words in aphasia. A crucial treatment component is the requirement that patients generate semantic features of treated items. This article examined the role feature generation plays in treatment response to SFA in several ways: It attempted to replicate preliminary findings from Gravier et al. (2018), which found feature generation predicted treatment-related gains for both trained and untrained words. It examined whether feature diversity or the number of features generated in specific categories differentially affected SFA treatment outcomes. Method SFA was administered to 44 participants with chronic aphasia daily for 4 weeks. Treatment was administered to multiple lists sequentially in a multiple-baseline design. Participant-generated features were captured during treatment and coded in terms of feature category, total average number of features generated per trial, and total number of unique features generated per item. Item-level naming accuracy was analyzed using logistic mixed-effects regression models. Results Producing more participant-generated features was found to improve treatment response for trained but not untrained items in SFA, in contrast to Gravier et al. (2018). There was no effect of participant-generated feature diversity or any differential effect of feature category on SFA treatment outcomes. Conclusions Patient-generated features remain a key predictor of direct training effects and overall treatment response in SFA. Aphasia severity was also a significant predictor of treatment outcomes. Future work should focus on identifying potential nonresponders to therapy and explore treatment modifications to improve treatment outcomes for these individuals. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12462596.