Electrophysiological changes in auditory evoked potentials in rats with salicylate-induced tinnitus.

Affiliation

Graduate School of Biotechnology, Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea; Department of Oriental Medicine Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Global Campus, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Early-response auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) in humans are significantly altered in tinnitus. These changes are closely related to that seen in animals, leading to new approaches to study tinnitus based on objective parameters. The purpose of this study was to characterize the AEPs in animals with tinnitus, by assessing early to late latency responses. For behavioral evaluation, rats were trained using positive reinforcement to press a lever in the presence of an auditory stimulus and to not press during silence. The auditory brainstem response (ABR), middle latency response (MLR) and auditory late latency response (LLR) were correlated to the false-positive responses (pressing the lever during silence), after oral administrations of Sodium Salicylate (SS, 350 mg/kg). In the present study, SS significantly increased the hearing thresholds and reduced ABR peak I amplitudes across the frequency range (4-32 kHz). In contrast, increased amplitudes were observed for several peaks in ABR, MLR, and LLR. Moreover, reduced ABR latencies in response to 8, 16 and 24 kHz tone bursts were observed after SS administration. Similarly, the central evaluation also revealed significantly reduced latencies in MLR and LLR during SS administration. In contrast, increased latencies were observed for ABR latencies in response to 32 kHz tone bursts, and at the P1-N1 component of LLR. Correlational analysis revealed that latencies and amplitudes of peaks II and IV (8 and 16 kHz) of ABR, and N2 latency and P2-N2 amplitude of LLR were associated with behavioral tinnitus. We suggest that AEPs can be used in the rat to evaluate the reduced sensory input and the increased central gain in SS-induced tinnitus, as well as reduced latencies (8-16 kHz) to distinguish between hearing loss and tinnitus.

Keywords

Auditory brainstem response (ABR),Behavior,Late latency response (LLR),Middle latency response (MLR),Rat,

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