Enhancement of hydrosolubility and in vitro antiproliferative properties of chalcones following encapsulation into β-cyclodextrin/cellulose-nanocrystal complexes.

Affiliation

Laboratoire PEIRENE EA 7500, Université de Limoges, Faculté de Pharmacie, 2 rue du Dr Marcland, 87025 Limoges Cedex, France. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

This paper describes the preparation of two chalcone/β-cyclodextrin/cellulose-nanocrystals complexes and the study of their antiproliferative activities against two colorectal and two prostatic cancer cell lines. The aim of this work was to enhance hydrosolubility of chalcones thanks to the hydrophilic character of cellulose nanocrystals. These latter were linked, through ionic interactions, to a cationic derivative of β-cyclodextrins whose lipophilic cavity allowed the encapsulation of hydrophobic chalcones: 3-hydroxy-3',4,4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (1) and 3',4,4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (2). First, we showed that encapsulation allowed hydrosolubilization of chalcones. Then, chalcone/β-cyclodextrin/cellulose-nanocrystals complexes demonstrated enhanced in vitro antiproliferative activities, compared to the corresponding free-chalcones.

Keywords

Chalcones,Hydrosolubilization of hydrophobic drugs,Nanoparticles,Prostate and colorectal cancer cell lines,β-Cyclodextrin/cellulose nanocrystals,

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