Enzymatic preparation of structured triacylglycerols with arachidonic and palmitic acids at the sn-2 position for infant formula use.


National Engineering Research Center for Functional Food, Collaborative Innovation Center of Food Safety and Quality Control in Jiangsu Province, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]


Structured TAGs with palmitic acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) at the sn-2 position have various health benefits for infants. In this study, we first compared two enzymatic routes for preparation of the structured TAGs. Results showed that the one-pot and two-step syntheses led to 37.6% and 55.4% oleic acid incorporation, respectively, after 10 h and reaction route had little effect on the sn-2 fatty acid composition. Subsequently, reaction variables of the two-step synthesis were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, 53.5% oleic acid was incorporated into the structured TAGs after 6-h acidolysis. Major fatty acids at the sn-2 position were palmitic acid (68.7%), ARA (9.8%) and oleic acid (7.9%). This is the first study reporting a two-step enzymatic method for structured TAGs preparation. Compared to the one-pot synthesis, current method significantly improves the efficiency of the acidolysis by product inhibition elimination. The synthetic TAGs have potential use in infant formulas.


Enzymatic acidolysis,Product inhibition,Sn-2 palmitic acid,Structured TAGs,Two-step synthesis,