Eosinophils attenuate arthritis by inducing M2 macrophage polarization via inhibiting the IκB/P38 MAPK signaling pathway.

Affiliation

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Anhui Medical University Affiliated Provincial Hospital, Hefei, 230001, China; The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230001, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a type of autoimmune disease that mainly affect the joints due to persistent synovitis. Eosinophils were Th2 effector cells that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory role recently. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of eosinophils transfer on arthritis and underlying mechanisms. DBA/1 mice were induced with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and treated with purified eosinophils at different time points. We showed that eosinophils transfer attenuated arthritis in CIA mice. Meanwhile, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12 and iNOS levels were decreased whereas TGF-β, IL-10, IL-13 and Arg1 levels were increased after eosinophil transfer. In vitro stimulation of bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMDM) with LPS and IFN-γ induced high expression of CD68, iNOS, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-12, while treatment with eosinophils downregulated their expression levels. Furthermore, high levels of p-IκB and p-P38 expression in BMDM induced by LPS and IFN-γ could be suppressed by eosinophil treatment, and a P38 or IκB inhibitor accelerated the effect of eosinophils on macrophage polarization. Our results demonstrate that eosinophils exert anti-inflammatory effects in arthritis by inducing M2 macrophage polarization via inhibiting the IκB/P38 MAPK signaling pathway.

Keywords

Eosinophils,IκB/p38 MAPK signaling pathway,Macrophage polarization,Rheumatoid arthritis,