Examination of risk assessment tools developed to evaluate risks in mental health areas: A systematic review.


Ayhan F(1), Üstün B(2).
Author information:
(1)Department of Nursing, Psychiatric Nursing, Health School,  Batman University, Batman, Turkey.
(2)Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Uskudar University, Istanbul, Turkey.


The purpose of this research was to identify and examine risk assessment tools evaluating at least two risk dimensions to evaluate the risk assessments of patients in mental health areas in a more comprehensive and standard manner. This systematic review was prepared according to the PRISMA guidelines. The databases to be scanned and the keywords to be entered were identified before scanning the literature. The keywords risk assessment, risk management, mental health, psychiatry, risk assessment scales, and risk assessment tools were scanned. The CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, Medline, APA PsycNET, Science Direct, Pubmed, ProQuest, and Google Scholar databases were searched. All full-text articles published between December 30th, 1970, and January 1st, 2020, were examined. A total of 7385 papers were investigated using the keywords listed above, and 18 studies meeting the inclusion criteria were identified. The tools involved were SPC, FACE, Clinical Risk Management, Threshold Assessment Grid, Risk Assessment for People with Mental Health Problems, Psychogeriatric and Risk Behavior Assessment Scale, Sainsbury Risk Assessment Tool, Risk Assessment Management and Audit Systems, Generic Integrated Risk Assessment for Forensic Environments, FRAME, Brief Risk Assessment, Clinical Assessment of Risks to Self & Others, RIO, The Risk Assessment and Management, Risk Assessment and Management Self-Efficacy Study, Galatean Risk and Safety Tool, Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability, and Psychiatric Risk Assessment Scale.