Experiences of people with type 1 diabetes fasting Ramadan following structured education: A qualitative study.


Dasman Diabetes Institute, P.O. Box 1180, Dasman 15462, Kuwait; Ministry of Health, Sulaibkhat, Jamal Abdel Nasser Street, PO Box 5, Zip Code 13001, Kuwait. Electronic address: [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Although people with type 1 diabetes are exempt from fasting the month of Ramadan due to the risk to their health, many wish to fast nonetheless. Little is known about the impact of structured education on the fasting experiences of people with type 1 diabetes. This study aimed to explore how the Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (DAFNE) course affected people with type 1 diabetes' fasting experiences to provide insight into the benefits of structured education for people wishing to fast while managing their diabetes.
METHODS : Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 DAFNE graduates who fasted Ramadan. The purposive sample was selected from the DAFNE registry at Dasman Diabetes Institute in Kuwait. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically in an iterative process. Topics discussed included fasting experiences prior to attending the DAFNE course, fasting experiences this year, and how DAFNE affected their fasting.
RESULTS : Five themes emerged; (1) Reduction in fluctuations and complications, (2) Improvement in confidence and self-reliance, (3) Tailored support for dose and pump programming adjustments, (4) Positive effect on wellbeing, and (5) Encouraging informed-decision making about fasting.
CONCLUSIONS : The findings have provided insight into the impact of DAFNE structured education on the fasting experiences of people with type 1 diabetes and has shown how overall, DAFNE had enhanced the quality of fasting. In addition, by assisting them in fulfilling their fasting wishes, DAFNE has had a positive effect on their wellbeing.


DAFNE,Fasting,Ramadan,Structured education,Type 1 diabetes,