Expression of ribosomal protection protein RppA is regulated by a ribosome-dependent ribo-regulator and two mistranslation products.


Cai X(1), Zhan Y(1), Cao Z(1), Yan B(1), Cai J(1)(2)(3).
Author information:
(1)Department of Microbiology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China.
(2)Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Technology, Ministry of Education, Tianjin, 300071, China.
(3)Tianjin Key Laboratory of Microbial Functional Genomics, Tianjin, 300071, China.


Gene expression is tightly controlled by transcription factors and RNA regulatory elements, including trans-acting small RNAs, cis-regulatory riboswitches and ribosome-dependent ribo-regulators. In the present study, we demonstrated that a ribosome-dependent ribo-regulator and two mistranslation products co-regulate rppA (encoding a ribosomal protection protein) expression in Bacillus thuringiensis BMB171. The leader RNA of the rppA gene controls rppA expression via translation of leader ORF1 resident in its sequence. In the presence of chloramphenicol, a +1 frameshift product (ORF2) and a stop codon readthrough product (ORF3) of ORF1 emerged. ORF3 exerted a negative effect on rppA expression. By contrast, the ORF2 promoted rppA expression. The regulation mode identified in the present study will lead to a deeper understanding of bacterial gene expression.