Key Laboratory of Soil Resource Sustainable Utilization for Jilin Province Commodity Grain Bases, College of Resources and Environmental Science, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. Electronic address: [Email]
As a commonly used nitrification inhibitor, nitrapyrin can significantly improve the utilization of nitrogen in soils. However, the effectiveness of the traditional dosage form of nitrapyrin is reduced by soil adsorption. In this study, nitrapyrin was encapsulated into a melamine-formaldehyde resin microcapsule with good dispersion and release behavior using an in situ polymerization method. The nitrapyrin microcapsules were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and particle-size analysis. The results indicated that the microcapsules had a spherical-shell structure, a uniform morphology with nanoscale micropores on the surface, and a decent nitrapyrin loading content (67.19%). Tests revealed that the release behavior of the nitrapyrin microcapsules was outstanding and conformed to the double-release kinetic model. These results of this study indicate that the nitrapyrin microcapsules can be applied as nitrification inhibitors with beneficial environmental effects and high efficacy.