Factors associated with objectively measured exercise participation after hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome.

Affiliation

Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 W. 120th Street, Box 93, New York, NY 10027, USA; Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 West 168 Street, PH 9, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Guidelines recommend exercise for secondary prevention of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), however adherence to guidelines is low. A paucity of data examining factors associated with objectively-measured exercise post-discharge in ACS survivors exists. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with exercise during the 5 weeks after ACS discharge.
METHODS : A sample of 151 ACS patients treated at a university hospital were enrolled into an observational cohort study and wore an accelerometer for 35 days post-discharge. Days on which participants accumulated ≥30 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in bouts ≥10 min were considered exercise days. Participants were categorized as non-exercisers (0 exercise days) or exercisers (≥1 exercise day). A multi-variable logistic regression model was used to examine the association between exercise and socio-demographics, depression, SF-12 physical and mental health scores, disease severity, length of hospitalization, and percutaneous coronary intervention.
RESULTS : 39.7% of participants were non-exercisers. Factors associated with non-exercise were age (OR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.06-1.17, p < 0.001), female sex (OR: 2.76; 95% CI: 1.10-6.95, p = 0.031), and lower SF-12 physical health score (OR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.90-0.98, p = 0.005).
CONCLUSIONS : In ACS patients in whom exercise participation was objectively measured for 5 weeks post-discharge, demographic and poor physical health factors were associated with non-exercise. These findings identify populations (e.g. older adults, women) at especially high risk for being physically inactive in whom more intense intervention may be warranted.

Keywords

Accelerometry,Acute coronary syndrome,Demographic factors,Exercise,Physical activity,