Factors associated with violence against women in a representative sample of the Lebanese population: results of a cross-sectional study.

Affiliation

Rahme C(1), Haddad C(2)(3), Akel M(4)(5), Khoury C(1), Obeid H(6), Obeid S(7)(8)(9), Hallit S(10)(11).
Author information:
(1)Faculty of Science, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon.
(2)Research Department, Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, P.O. Box 60096, Jal Eddib, Lebanon.
(3)UMR 1094, Neuroépidémiologie Tropicale, Institut d'Epidémiologie et de Neurologie Tropicale, GEIST, University Limoges, 87000, Limoges, France.
(4)INSPECT-LB: Institut National de Sante Publique, Epidemiologie Clinique et Toxicologie, Beirut, Lebanon.
(5)School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon.
(6)Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Paris, France.
(7)Research Department, Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, P.O. Box 60096, Jal Eddib, Lebanon. [Email]
(8)INSPECT-LB: Institut National de Sante Publique, Epidemiologie Clinique et Toxicologie, Beirut, Lebanon. [Email]
(9)Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik
(USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon. [Email]
(10)INSPECT-LB: Institut National de Sante Publique, Epidemiologie Clinique et Toxicologie, Beirut, Lebanon. [Email]
(11)Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik
(USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon. [Email]

Abstract

To evaluate the prevalence of violence against women (VAW) and assess factors associated with VAW among a representative sample of the Lebanese population. This cross-sectional study was carried out between September and December 2018. Participants from all Lebanese governorates were enrolled in this study using a proportionate random sample. The percentages of women who were exposed to physical and non-physical abuse were 37.1% and 49.4% respectively. Factors associated with physical abuse were being divorced, having a partner addicted to substances and alcohol, or with a history of threats, violence, assaults, and crimes, higher stressful life experiences, and abuse reported from childhood (physical, sexual, or psychological). Non-physical abuse was associated with abuse reported from childhood (physical, sexual, or psychological), higher stressful life experiences, and the fact that the partner is addicted to substances and alcohol, or has a history of threats. Our results suggest that being divorced, illiterate, and unemployed, having an addicted partner, and having experienced child abuse are all factors that are associated with more violence against women.