Fenton-like reaction driving the degradation and uptake of multi-walled carbon nanotubes mediated by bacterium.

Affiliation

Wang J(1), Shan S(1), Ma Q(1), Zhang Z(2), Dong H(3), Li S(2), Diko CS(2), Qu Y(4).
Author information:
(1)Institute of Environmental Systems Biology, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, 116026, China.
(2)Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering
(MOE), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China.
(3)Liaoning Province Key Laboratory of Thermochemistry for Energy and Materials, Dalian National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, 116023, China.
(4)Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering
(MOE), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely studied because of their potential applications. The increasing applications of CNTs and less known of their environmental fates rise concerns about their safety. In this study, the biotransformation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) by Labrys sp. WJW was investigated. Within 16 days, qPCR analysis showed that cell numbers increased 4.92 ± 0.36 folds using 100 mg/L MWCNTs as the sole carbon source. The biotransformation of MWCNTs, which led to morphology and functional group change, was evidenced by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses. Raman spectra illustrated that more defects and disordered carbon appeared on MWCNTs during incubation. The underlying biotransformation mechanism of MWCNTs through an extracellular bacterial Fenton-like reaction was demonstrated. In this bacteria-mediated reaction, the OH production was induced by reduction of H2O2 involved a continuous cycle of Fe(II)/Fe(III). Bacterial biotransformation of MWCNTs will provide new insights into the understanding of CNTs bioremediation processes.