Fluorescent sensor for indirect measurement of methyl parathion based on alkaline-induced hydrolysis using N-doped carbon dots.


Key Laboratory of Biorheology Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Bioengineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China; National Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science of Micro/Nano-Device and System Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China. Electronic address: [Email]


High-performance measurement of methyl parathion (MP) is of great importance in both agricultural and environmental surveillance. Herein, we presented a facile fluorescent biosensor to indirectly measure MP using N-doped carbon dots (N-CDS) based on the inner filter effect (IFE). Methyl parathion was employed as the substrate of alkaline-catalytic hydrolysis, and p-nitrophenol (p-NP) was obtained by rapid the hydrolysis reaction under strong alkaline conditions without enzymes. Interestingly, the absorption band of p-NP appeared at 403 nm, which presented an overlapping spectrum with the excitation of N-CDs (410 nm). Due to its strong molar absorptivity, p-NP played the part of a powerful absorber in IFE to influence the excitation of fluorophore (N-CDs). Through the competitive absorption, the fluorescence intensity of N-CDs decreased extremely. With optimum conditions selected, the fluorescent sensor presented a concentration-dependent fluorescent response (ΔF) to MP ranging from 0.075 to 15 ppm (R2 =0.9956). The limit of detection was calculated to be 1.87 ppb (S/N = 3) with good selectivity. Successful measurement of MP in spiked river water and apple samples demonstrated that as-proposed optical sensor provided an alternative strategy for real applications in environmental and food safety control.


Carbon dots,Fluorescent biosensor,Inner filter effect,Methyl parathion,