Shape-memory alloy (SMA) staples are a recent innovation in fracture fixation. These staples have inherent compressive properties that create a stable fracture environment that promotes primary bone healing. They have been used successfully for osteotomies, arthrodesis, and fracture fixation. Understanding where SMA staple compression can be optimized and using proper indications are important for obtaining consistent success and minimizing failures. SMA staples are not a substitute for lag screw fixation or traditional plate and screw constructs.