Functional identification of the 4-deoxy-L-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronate reductase from a brown alga, Saccharina japonica.

Affiliation

Inoue A(1), Ojima T(2).
Author information:
(1)Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Hokkaido, 041-8611, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Hokkaido, 041-8611, Japan.

Abstract

We previously reported the alginate lyase, SjAly, from a brown alga, Saccharina japonica, providing the first experimental evidence for a functional alginate-degradation enzyme in brown algae. 4-deoxy-L-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronate (DEHU), derived from an unsaturated monosaccharide, was identified as the minimum degradation product produced by SjAly-mediated lysis of alginate. DEHU was hitherto reported to be reduced to 2-keto-3-deoxy-gluconate (KDG) by a DEHU-specific reductase with NAD(P)H in alginate-assimilating organisms and its metabolism in alginate-producing organisms is unknown. Here, we report the functional identification of a DEHU reductase, SjRed, in S. japonica. Among the 14 tested compounds, only DEHU was used as a substrate and was converted to KDG in the presence of NADPH. Optimum temperature, pH, and KCl concentration required for SjRed activity were determined to be 25 °C, 7.2, and 100 mM, respectively. SjRed consists of 341 amino acid residues and is proposed to be a member of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily. Sequencing of SjRed revealed that it is composed of at least three exons. These results indicate the existence of an enzyme that reduces DEHU to KDG in S. japonica. This is the first report on the functional identification of a DEHU-reductase in alginate-producing organisms.