Futile cycling by human microsomal cytochrome P450 enzymes within intact fission yeast cells.

Affiliation

Weldemichael DM(1), Zhou K(2), Su SJ(2), Zhao L(2), Marchisio MA(1), Bureik M(3).
Author information:
(1)School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Health Sciences Platform, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, PR China.
(2)Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 301617, PR China.
(3)School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Health Sciences Platform, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Human cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs or P450s) are known to be reduced by their electron transfer partners in the absence of substrate and in turn to reduce other acceptor molecules such as molecular oxygen, thereby creating superoxide anions (O2-•). This process is known as futile cycling. Using our previously established fission yeast expression system we have monitored cells expressing each one of the 50 human microsomal CYPs in the absence of substrate for oxidation of dihydroethidium in living cells by flow cytometry. It was found that 38 of these display a statistically significant increase in O2-• production. More specifically, cells expressing some CYPs were found to be intermediate strength O2-• producers, which means that their effect was comparable to that of treatment with 3 mM H2O2. Cells expressing other CYPs had an even stronger effect, with those expressing CYP2B6, CYP5A1, CYP2A13, CYP51A1, or CYP1A2, respectively, being the strongest producers of O2-•.