Gadolinium-doped carbon quantum dots loaded magnetite nanoparticles as a bimodal nanoprobe for both fluorescence and magnetic resonance imaging.

Affiliation

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Nowadays, it is highly desired to develop dual-modal fluorescence and magnetic resonance imaging (FI/MRI) probes in medical imaging because it unites the respective advantages of each imaging modality: high sensitivity of FI and superior spatial resolution of MRI. In this study, a facile strategy to fabricate a new bimodal imaging nanoprobe (Gd-CQDs@N-Fe3O4) was reported by integrating the fluorescence ability of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and T1 and T2 contrast-enhancing functionality of Gd(III) ions and Fe3O4 nanoparticles into a single hybrid nanostructure. The hybrid composites were investigated by FT-IR, XRD, TEM, XPS, VSM, and so on, which confirmed that Gd-CQDs@N-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were successfully obtained and exhibited superparamagnetic property at room temperature. The derived nanoprobes presented an excitation wavelength-independent emission behavior. In addition, r1 and r2 relaxivities of the synthesized imaging nanoprobes were measured to be 5.16 and 115.6 mM-1 s-1, which nominated Gd-CQDs@N-Fe3O4 nanocomposites as a suitable T1-T2 contrast agent. The Gd-CQDs@N-Fe3O4 nanoparticles combining two synergetic imaging modalities showed great potential in FI/MRI dual-modal imaging for a more complementary and accurate detection.

Keywords

Dual-modal imaging,Fe(3)O(4),Fluorescence,Gd-doped carbon quantum dots,Relaxivity,

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