CAAS-ILRI Joint Laboratory on Livestock and Forage Genetic Resources, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100193, PR China; International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi 00100, Kenya. Electronic address: [Email]
Porcine satellite cells (PSCs) play a vital role in the construction, development and self-renewal of skeletal muscle. In this study, PSCs were exposed to poly(I:C) stimulation to mimic viral infection during the proliferation and differentiation phases at 0, 12, 24 and 48 hours (h) of the stimulation. The untreated and treated PSCs were analyzed by the RNA-Seq technology. There were 88, 119, 104 and 95 genes being differentially expressed in 0 h vs 12 h treated, 12 h vs 24 h treated, 0 h vs 24 h treated and 24 h vs 48 h untreated comparison libraries, respectively. The GO terms analysis results showed that during the proliferation phase of treated PSCs, the up-regulated genes related to the immune system were highly expressed. In addition, the gene expressions associated with muscle structure development in response to growth factor emerged during the differentiation phase of untreated PSCs. The biological pathways associated with Influenza A, Toll-like receptor and chemokine signaling were revealed in PSCs following poly(I:C) stimulation. The differentially expressed genes were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. These findings expanded our understanding of gene expressions and signaling pathways about the infiltrated mechanism of the virus into PSCs.