Giant Aneurysm Arising from Anomalous Branch of the Middle Cerebral Artery in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Affiliation

Neurosurgical Service, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore; Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore; SingHealth Duke-NUS Neuroscience Academic Clinical Program, Singapore. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Pediatric intracranial aneurysms are extremely rare. In this age group, cerebral vascular anomalies have been associated with the development of intracranial aneurysms.
METHODS : We present a case of a previously well 11-year-old boy who presented with seizures secondary to a giant, unruptured, and partially thrombosed right middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm. Extensive workup for underlying infective and autoimmune etiology was negative. Of interest, this vascular lesion was found to originate from an anomalous M2 branch, which ran an aberrant parallel course within the Sylvian fissure to the main and distally bifurcating MCA. The patient underwent successful surgical clipping and excision of the giant aneurysm.
CONCLUSIONS : Because of the infrequency of the diagnosis, clinical presentation, and its unique neurovascular anatomy, the management of this case is discussed in corroboration with current literature. In addition, highlighting this unusual case in an individual adds to the growing body of literature for better disease understanding, especially in the pediatric population.

Keywords

Intracranial aneurysm,Middle cerebral artery,

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