GlcA-mediated glycerol-3-phosphate synthesis contributes to the oxidation resistance of Aspergillus fumigatus via decreasing the cellular ROS.

Affiliation

Zhang C(1), Gu H(1), Ren Y(1), Lu L(2).
Author information:
(1)Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Microbes and Functional Genomics, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China.
(2)Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Microbes and Functional Genomics, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Fungi activate corresponding metabolic pathways in response to different carbon sources to adapt to different environments. Previous studies have shown that the glycerol kinase GlcA that phosphorylates glycerol to the intermediate glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) is required for the growth of Aspergillus fumigatus when glycerol is used as the sole carbon source. The present study identified there were two putative glycerol kinases, GlcA and GlcB, in A. fumigatus but glycerol activated only glcA promoter but not glcB promoter, although both glcA and glcB could encode glycerol kinase. Under normal culture conditions, the absence of glcA caused no detectable colony phenotypes on glucose and other tested carbon sources except glycerol, indicating dissimilation of glucose and these tested carbon sources bypassed requirement of glcA. Notably, the oxidative stress agent H2O2 on the background of glucose medium clearly induced GlcA expression and promoted G3P synthesis. Deletion and overexpression of glcA elicited sensitivity and resistance to oxidative stress agent H2O2, respectively, accompanied by decrease and increase of G3P production. In addition, the sensitivity to oxidative stress in the glcA mutant was probably associated with dysfunction of mitochondria with a decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and an abnormal accumulation of the cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, overexpressing the glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase GfdA thatcatalyzes the reduction of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) to G3P rescued phenotypes of the glcA null mutant to H2O2. Therefore, the present study suggests that GlcA-involved G3P synthesis participates in oxidative stress tolerance of A. fumigatus via regulating the cellular ROS level.