Global Climate Change and Pollen Aeroallergens: A Southern Hemisphere Perspective.

Affiliation

Davies JM(1), Berman D(2), Beggs PJ(3), Ramón GD(4), Peter J(5), Katelaris CH(6), Ziska LH(7).
Author information:
(1)School of Biomedical Science, Queensland University of Technology, Herston, Queensland 4006, Australia; Office of Research, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Herston, Queensland 4006, Australia. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)Allergy and Immunology Unit, University of Cape Town Lung Institute, Cape Town 7700, South Africa.
(3)Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia.
(4)Hospital Italiano Regional DelSur, Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
(5)Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, 7700 | PO Box 34560, 7937, South Africa; Allergy and Immunology Unit, University of Cape Town Lung Institute, George Street, Cape Town, South Africa.
(6)Western Sydney University and Campbeltown Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
(7)Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Abstract

Climatic change will have an impact on production and release of pollen, with consequences for the duration and magnitude of aeroallergen seasonal exposure and allergic diseases. Evaluations of pollen aerobiology in the southern hemisphere have been limited by resourcing and the density of monitoring sites. This review emphasizes inconsistencies in pollen monitoring methods and metrics used globally. Research should consider unique southern hemisphere biodiversity, climate, plant distributions, standardization of pollen aerobiology, automation, and environmental integration. For both hemispheres, there is a clear need for better understanding of likely influences of climate change and comprehending their impact on pollen-related health outcomes.