Growth-differentiation factor-15 predicts adverse cardiac events in patients with acute coronary syndrome: A meta-analysis.


Department of Emergency, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (Qingdao), Qingdao, Shandong, China. Electronic address: [Email]


We aimed to analyse the association between high-level growth-differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and mortality, recurrent MI and heart failure compared to low-level GDF-15 in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).


Acute coronary syndrome,Growth-differentiation factor-15,Meta-analysis,STEMI,Unstable angina,