Higher susceptibility to heme oxidation and lower protein stability of the rare α(1)C517Yβ(1) sGC variant associated with moyamoya syndrome.

Affiliation

Sharina I(1), Lezgyieva K(2), Krutsenko Y(2), Martin E(3).
Author information:
(1)University of Texas Health Science Center, McGovern Medical School, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, United States.
(2)School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan.
(3)University of Texas Health Science Center, McGovern Medical School, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

NO sensitive soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) plays a key role in mediating physiological functions of NO. Genetic alterations of the GUCY1A3 gene, coding for the α1 subunit of sGC, are associated with several cardiovascular dysfunctions. A rare sGC variant with Cys517 → Tyr substitution in the α1subunit, has been associated with moyamoya disease and achalasia. In this report we characterize the properties of this rare sGC variant. Purified α1C517Yβ1 sGC preserved only ~25% of its cGMP-forming activity and showed an elevated Km for GTP substrate. However, the mutant enzyme retained a high affinity for and robust activation by NO, similar to wild type sGC. Purified α1C517Yβ1 enzyme was more sensitive to specific sGC heme oxidizers and less responsive to heme reducing agents. When expressed in COS7 cells, α1C517Yβ1 sGC showed a much stronger response to cinaciguat or gemfibrozil, which targets apo-sGC or sGC with ferric heme, as compared to its NO response or the relative response of the wild type sGC. A stronger response to cinaciguat was also observed for purified α1C517Yβ1 in the absence of reducing agents. In COS7 cells, αCys517β sGC was less stable than the wild type enzyme under normal conditions and exhibited accelerated degradation upon induction of cellular oxidative stress. We conclude that diminished cGMP-forming activity of this sGC variant is aggravated by its high susceptibility to oxidative stress and diminished protein stability. The combination of these deficiencies contributes to the severity of observed moyamoya and achalasia symptoms in human carriers of this rare α1C517Yβ1 sGC variant.