Highly active and recyclable heterogeneous palladium catalyst derived from guar gum for fabrication of biaryl compounds.

Affiliation

Aksaray University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Chemistry, 68100 Aksaray, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study, a novel highly efficient heterogeneous palladium catalyst (GG-Pd) was prepared using guar gum, which is an environmentally friendly, easily available, fairly cheap, and renewable natural bio-polymer. Detailed characterization of GG-Pd catalyst was successfully performed by FT-IR, TG/DTG, SEM, EDS, XRD, and ninhydrin test, and it was evaluated as a heterogeneous catalyst against Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions of a series of aryl halides with phenylboronic acid. Catalytic performance studies showed that GG-Pd efficiently catalyzed Suzuki cross coupling reactions under solvent-free media and for a very short reaction time (5 min). Moreover, reusability tests showed that GG-Pd catalyst could be reused at least ten times with a minor decrease of its catalytic performance. Additionally, it was found that palladium leaching from the designed support was very minimal. This study shows that GG-Pd catalyst is a very useful and highly stable heterogeneous catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions in terms of high catalytic performance and recyclability.

Keywords

Guar gum,Palladium catalyst,Suzuki-Miyaura reaction,