Hypertension and chronic kidney disease in Asian populations.

Affiliation

Teo BW(1), Chan GC(2), Leo CCH(2), Tay JC(3), Chia YC(4)(5), Siddique S(6), Turana Y(7), Chen CH(8)(9)(10), Cheng HM(8)(9)(10)(11), Hoshide S(12), Minh HV(13), Sogunuru GP(14)(15), Wang TD(16)(17), Kario K(12).
Author information:
(1)Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore, Singapore.
(2)Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.
(3)Department of General Medicine, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.
(4)Department of Medical Sciences, School of Healthcare and Medical Sciences, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia.
(5)Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya Kuala, Lumpur, Malaysia.
(6)Punjab Medical Center, Lahore, Pakistan.
(7)School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
(8)Institute of Public Health and Community Medicine Research Center, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
(9)Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
(10)Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
(11)Center for Evidence-based Medicine, Department of Medical Education, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
(12)Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan.
(13)Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue City, Vietnam.
(14)MIOT International Hospital, Chennai, India.
(15)College of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu University, Bharatpur, Nepal.
(16)Cardiovascular Center and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan.
(17)Division of Hospital Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan.

Abstract

The countries of Asia are home to multiple ethnicities. There are ethnic differences in diet, culture, and attitudes towards health screening, access to care, and treatment of chronic diseases. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) have rising incidence and prevalence due to increased affliction with non-communicable diseases of diabetes and hypertension. To prevent the expensive complications of ESKD, one of the most important risk factors to control is hypertension in patients with CKD. We performed a narrative review on the prevalence of CKD in patients with hypertension, the prevalence and control of hypertension in patients with CKD, and the dietary sodium intake in CKD populations.