IFNγ and TNFα synergistically induce apoptosis of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells via the induction of nitric oxide.


The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and State Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Protection, Institutes for Translational Medicine, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, Jiangsu, China. [Email]


Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have been widely used to treat various inflammatory diseases. The immunomodulatory capabilities of MSCs are usually licensed by inflammatory cytokines and may vary depending on the levels and the types of inflammatory cytokines. However, how the inflammatory microenvironment affects the fate of MSCs remains elusive. Here we characterized the molecular mechanism underlying the apoptosis of mouse MSCs triggered by the synergistic action of IFNγ and TNFα.


Apoptosis,Autophagy,Inflammation,Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells,Nitric oxide,iNOS,