Immobilization of heavy metals in vegetable-growing soils using nano zero-valent iron modified attapulgite clay.

Affiliation

College of Resources and Environment, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian 271000, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Nowadays, the problem of heavy metal pollution in vegetables is received wide attention. In this work, attapulgite clay (ATTP), as a cheap and readily available inorganic mineral material, was modified with nano zero-valent iron (nFe0@ATTP) for heavy metal immobilization in soil. Batch experiments were employed to evaluate the optimal remediation performance by ATTP before and after modified with nFe0 through planting Pakchoi (Brassica chinesis L.) in Cd, Cr, and Pb contaminated soil from Changsha. The results showed that amendments can all increase the pH value of soils, and notably decrease the concentration of extractable Cd, Cr, and Pb in soil. The germination rate and root length of Pakchoi were promoted, and the activities of peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents were notably reduced besides superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity after treatments with ATTP and nFe0@ATTP. Vicia faba-micronucleus test indicated that the application of amendments reduced the toxicity of heavy metals on the genetic material of Vicia faba root tip cells. The nFe0@ATTP were found to well convert Cd, Cr, and Pb into less bioavailable state in soil, thus blocking heavy metal uptake by plants. This material could be a promising amendment for heavy metals contaminated soil.

Keywords

Attapulgite clay,Heavy metals,Immobilization,Nano zero-valent iron,Pakchoi,

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