Immunohistochemical localization of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in the sheep ovary and the synergistic effect of IGF-1 and FSH on follicular development in vitro and LH receptor immunostaining.

Affiliation

Nucleus of Biotechnology Applied to Ovarian Follicle Development, Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56300-990, Petrolina, PE, Brazil. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

This study analyzed IGF-1 protein immunostaining in sheep ovaries, the effect of IGF-1 alone or associated with FSH on the culture of secondary follicles, and the immunostaining of LHR protein in antral follicles before and after culture. Ovaries were collected for IGF-1 protein analysis. In experiment 1, secondary follicles were cultured in α-MEM+ (control) or α-MEM+ supplemented with IGF-1 (10, 50 or 100 ng/mL). In experiment 2, follicles were cultured in the same media of experiment 1 plus 750 ng/mL FSH. Moreover, LHR immunostaining was analyzed in fresh antral follicles and after culture in 50 ng/mL IGF-1 + FSH. The IGF-1 protein was immunolocalized in oocytes from all stages of follicle development and in the granulosa cells from secondary and antral follicles. IGF-1 did not influence (P > 0.05) follicular viability and growth (experiment 1). However, in experiment 2, 50 ng/mL IGF-1 + FSH stimulated oocyte growth (P < 0.05) and LHR immunostaining in antral follicles. Control medium, 10 or 50 ng/mL IGF-1 + FSH showed similar levels of reactive oxygen species, glutathione and active mitochondria (P > 0.05). In conclusion, the IGF-1 protein is present in all ovarian follicle stages in sheep. Moreover, the association between 50 ng/mL IGF-1 and FSH has a synergistic effect in vitro, increasing the percentage of fully grown oocytes and the intensity of immunostaining of LHR protein in oocytes and granulosa cells of cultured antral follicles.

Keywords

Hormone,In vitro culture,In vitro maturation,Preantral follicles,

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