Impact of postoperative mean arterial pressure on the incidence of postoperative complications after hepatic resection for primary liver malignancy.

Affiliation

Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, 36-1 Nishi-cho, Yonago, Tottori, 683-8503, Japan. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : We conducted this study to evaluate the impact of the postoperative mean arterial pressure (MAP) on surgical complications after hepatic resection.
METHODS : The subjects of this study were 199 patients who underwent hepatic resection for primary liver malignancy between 2004 and 2013. A clinically relevant postoperative complication was defined as a Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III complication.
RESULTS : Based on an MAP cut-off value of 81.1 mmHg, the patients were grouped as follows: low MAP on both postoperative days (PODs) 1 and 2 (continuously low MAP), normal MAP on both PODs 1 and 2 (normal MAP), and others (transiently low MAP). The continuously low MAP group had the highest incidence of complications and the normal MAP group had the lowest incidence of complications compared with the expected incidence for this cohort (p < 0.01 and p = 0.01, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that both a continuously and transiently low MAP were independent predictors of postoperative complications (p = 0.03 and p < 0.01, respectively). Among the subtypes of complications, a low MAP had a significant relationship with ascites/pleural effusion and respiratory complications (p < 0.01 and p = 0.03, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS : A low MAP on POD 1 and/or 2 is an independent predictor of postoperative complications.

Keywords

Blood pressure,Liver,Postoperative complication,Resection,