Impact of powder-binder interactions on 3D printability of pharmaceutical tablets using drop test methodology.

Affiliation

Sen K(1), Mukherjee R(1), Sansare S(1), Halder A(2), Kashi H(1), Ma AWK(3), Chaudhuri B(4).
Author information:
(1)Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Connecticut.
(2)Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut.
(3)Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut; Institute of Material Sciences, University of Connecticut.
(4)Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Connecticut; Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut; Institute of Material Sciences, University of Connecticut. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study, a pre-screening test has been developed for the binder-jet 3D printing process (BJ3DP) which has been validated using statistical analysis. The pre-screening test or drop test has been adapted from the wet granulation field and modified later on to be used for tablet manufacturing in BJ3DP. Initially, a total of eight powders and ten water-based binder solutions have been introduced in the preliminary test to understand the powder-binder interactions. Afterward, based on the preliminary test results, three blends were developed which had undergone the same drop test. All these powder and binder combinations were then used for 3D printing. The key parameters such as mechanical strength and shape factors of the drop test agglomerates and 3D printed tablets were then compared using multiple linear regressions. Few dimensionless parameters were introduced in this study such as binding capacity and binding index to capture the printability properties of the powders used in this study. Significant relations (p<0.05) were found between the drop test and the BJ3DP process. Application of drop test was carried out to establish a prescreening test, ii) to develop new blend formulations as well as iii) to develop a fundamental understanding of powder-binder interaction during BJ3DP process.