Impact of tidally induced residual circulations on chemical oxygen demand (COD) distribution in Laizhou Bay, China.

Affiliation

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 1H9, AB, Canada. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

To understand the impact of hydrodynamics on pollutant transport in Laizhou Bay, China, we conducted numerical simulations using Mike 21. The model was calibrated with good agreements to field monitoring data at various monitoring stations. The simulation results show a clockwise and an anti-clockwise tidally-induced residual circulation in the western and eastern bay, respectively. Historical COD monitoring data also indicate two rings of high COD concentration in the same regions of the bay. This suggests that the hydrodynamics of tidal and residual currents is the main cause of the ring-shaped high COD concentration field in the bay. Pollutant inputs from inland rivers are also important for the COD distribution, making the near-shore side of the COD ring higher than the offshore side. Regions with higher retention time in the bay are usually associated with higher COD concentrations. This study is useful in understanding the mechanism of pollutant spatial distribution and subsequent pollution control in a sea bay.

Keywords

COD,Eulerian field,Lagrangian particle tracking,Laizhou Bay,Mike 21,Tidally induced residual current,

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