Impairment of hormone pathways results in a general disturbance of fruit primary metabolism in tomato.

Affiliation

Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam-Golm 144776, Germany. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Fruit metabolites are regulated by different phytohormones; however, this needs to be investigated. Dynamic metabolite profiling, based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, has been conducted on the fruit of tomato cultivar Micro-Tom and its five hormone mutants: dpy, not, dgt, epi and pro. In total, 48 metabolites were quantified, including sugars, organic acids and amino acids. The results demonstrated that ABA had a greater effect on the regulation of primary metabolism in tomato fruit, while ethylene can play an important role in the transition of primary to secondary metabolism. Besides, results from enzyme activities and transcript abundance involved in primary metabolism suggested that AIV and HXK4 could play key roles in the accumulation of the main sugars. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive analysis of the link between hormone and metabolite change during fruit development in a collection of mutants with diverse hormone pathways.

Keywords

Citric acid (PubChem CID: 311),Fructose (PubChem CID: 5984),Fruit stage,GC–MS,Glucose (PubChem CID: 5793),Glutamic acid (PubChem CID: 611),Glutamine (PubChem CID: 5961),Hormone mutants,Malic acid (PubChem CID: 525),Metabolome,Micro-Tom,PCA,Phenylalanine (PubChem CID: 6140),Sucrose (PubChem CID: 5988),

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