Implication of TRPC3 channel in gustatory perception of dietary lipids.

Affiliation

Murtaza B(1), Hichami A(1), Khan AS(1), Plesnik J(1)(2), Sery O(2)(3), Dietrich A(4), Birnbaumer L(5)(6), Khan NA(1).
Author information:
(1)U1231 INSERM/UB/AgroSup, Physiologie de la Nutrition & Toxicologie, Université de Bourgogne-Franche Comté
(UBFC), Dijon, France.
(2)Laboratory of Neurobiology and Molecular Psychiatry, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
(3)Laboratory of Neurobiology and Pathological Physiology, Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic.
(4)Walther-Straub-Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Member of the German Center for Lung Research
(DZL), LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.
(5)Neurobiology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.
(6)Institute of Biomedical Research
(BIOMED), Catholic University of Argentina, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

AIM: The pathogenesis of obesity has been associated with high intake of dietary fat, and some recent studies have explored the cellular mechanisms of oro-sensory detection of dietary fatty acids. We further assessed the role of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels in oro-sensory perception of dietary lipids. METHODS: We determined by RT-qPCR and western blotting the expression of TRPC3/6/7 channels in mouse fungiform taste bud cells (mTBC). Immunocytochemistry was used to explore whether TRPC3 channels were co-expressed with fatty acid receptors. We employed wild-type (WT) mTBC, and those transfected with small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against TRPC3 or STIM1. Ca2+ signalling was studied in TBC from TRPC3-/- mice and their WT littermates. RESULTS: We demonstrate that mouse fungiform taste bud cells (mTBC) express TRPC3, but not TRPC6 or TRPC7 channels, and their inactivation by siRNA or experiments on TBC from TRPC3-/- mice brought about a decrease in fatty acid-induced gustatory Ca2+ signalling, coupled with taste bud CD36 lipid sensor. TRPC3 channel activation was found to be under the control of STIM1 in lingual mTBC. Behavioural studies showed that spontaneous preference for a dietary long-chain fatty acid was abolished in TRPC3-/- mice, and in mice wherein lingual TRPC3 expression was silenced by employing siRNA. CONCLUSION: We report that lingual TRPC3 channels are critically involved in fat taste perception.