National Glycoengineering Research Center, and Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Glycobiology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: [Email]
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has great potential in bone tissue engineering due to its favorable bioactivity and biocompatibility, especially hyaluronic acid oligosaccharides (oHAs) shows a promising result in endothelialization of blood vessel. To improve endothelialized effect and osteogenic performance of bone scaffold, we have created a biomimetic nanofiber network based on collagen modified with hyaluronic acid oligosaccharides (Col/oHAs) and its mineralized product. Biomimetically mineralized Col/oHAs based composite (Col/oHAs/HAP) was prepared via self-assembly at room temperature. The resultant composites were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-Ray diffractometry (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). They show some characteristics of natural bone both in composition and microstructure. The nanofiber was fabricated as a hybrid network which bionics extracellular matrix (ECM) and was prepared to culture artery endothelial cell (PIEC) and the mouse parietal bone cell (MC3T3-E1). Cells attached tightly to the nanofibers and infiltrated into the materials, forming an interconnected cell community. Moreover, the as-prepared nanofiber was found to noticeably enhance cells adhesion and proliferation and upregulate alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) and osteocalcin (OCN) expression suggesting positive cellular responses. These results indicated that the Col/oHAs/HAP composite has a promising capacity to direct the osteogenic differentiation by providing an adaptable environment and can be expected as an excellent candidate for bone tissue engineering approaches with improved performance of promoting PIEC proliferation.