In Vitro Study of the Effect of Breathing Pattern on Aerosol Delivery During High-Flow Nasal Therapy.

Affiliation

Aerogen Limited, IDA Business Park, Dangan, Galway, Ireland. [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : The use of concurrent aerosol delivery during high-flow nasal therapy (HFNT) may be exploited to facilitate delivery of a variety of prescribed medications for inhalation. The study assessed the effect of tidal volume, breath rate, and inspiratory:expiratory (I:E) ratio on the quantity of aerosol captured at the level of the trachea during simulated HFNT.
METHODS : Testing was completed according to a factorial statistical design of experiments (DOE) approach. Tracheal dose was characterized with a vibrating mesh nebulizer (Aerogen Solo, Aerogen Ltd) using simulated adult, small child, and infant HFNT models. Furthermore, aerosol delivery was evaluated across a range of adult patient profiles with clinically representative test setups.
RESULTS : Aerosol delivery increased with a large tidal volume, a rapid breath rate, and a long inspiratory time. Tidal volume, breath rate, and I:E ratio each had a significant effect on tracheal dose across simulated adult, small child, and infant breathing.
CONCLUSIONS : The main trends that were identified in the statistical DOE predicted aerosol delivery across adult patient breathing profiles, in terms of tidal volume, breath rate, and I:E ratio. Therefore, patients with distressed breathing profiles may be expected to receive a larger aerosol dose than those with normal breathing rates.
BACKGROUND : Aerogen Limited.

Keywords

Aerosol,Breathing profile,High-flow nasal therapy,Tracheal dose,Vibrating mesh nebulizer,

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