Intense pulsed light therapy: A promising complementary treatment for dry eye disease.

Affiliation

Head Cornea Service, School of Medicine, CES University, Medellín, Colombia; Ophthalmology Research Service, School of Medicine, CES University, Medellín, Colombia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To propose the Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) therapy as a helpful supplementary treatment in patients with dry eye disease.
METHODS : Retrospective cross sectional design. Medical records of patients in whom dry eye disease symptoms were not satisfactorily controlled with medical therapy alone and who underwent additional IPL with at least three sessions completed. Data were analyzed before therapy and 3weeks after its completion to asses improvement. Determination of symptoms, through a visual analog scale; tear film stability, through tear Break Up Time (tBUT); measurement of tear secretion, through Schirmer Test; and ocular surface staining with Van Bijsterveld score were evaluated. SPSS software and nonparametric analysis of repeated measures were used. The study was approved by the ethics committee.
RESULTS : 50 eyes from 25 subjects were reviewed. There were 9 males (36%) and 16 females (64%), with a median age of 59years (IQR 52-64). The median of the symptoms scale was 8 (IQR 8-9) and 3 (IQR 2-4) before and after the therapy respectively (P<.05). The median of BUT was 4 (IQR 3-5) and 10 (IQR 8-11), Schirmer test was 13 (IQR 12-15) and 15 (IQR 13-20), and Van Bijsterveld score was 3 (RIC 3-4) and 2 (IQR 2-3) before and after the therapy respectively (P<.05, for all measurements).
CONCLUSIONS : IPL treatment has excellent results regarding both: dry eye disease symptoms improvement and in office objective tests such as tBUT, Schirmer test and Van Bijsterveld score; IPL could be considered as an effective adjunct for dry eye disease.

Keywords

Disfunción de glándulas de Meibomio,Dry eye,Meibomian gland dysfunction,Ojo seco,Pulsed light therapy,Rosacea,Rosácea,Sjögren's syndrome,Síndrome de Sjögren,Terapia de luz pulsada,

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